Do you miss those chubby cheeks you may have had as a child or young adult? Not that you are 40 or older are you experiencing facial volume loss? The primary cause of visible facial aging of the skin is matrix degradation. The extracellular matrix (ECM) is a complex framework of biomolecules that protect our dermal cells. The ECM is made up of a variety of structural and adhesive proteins including collagen and elastin. The breakdown of these important structures is a result of time and genetics and extrinsic aging (primarily UV radiation exposure), which is largely avoidable.
If you are not ready to go under the knife, which simply stretches and removes excess tissue, there are daily cosmeceuticals that you should be adding to your skin care regimen to protect existing volume and help replace dermal volume that has been lost.
Products and ingredients that are important to prevent volume loss include the following:
Broad Spectrum Sunscreen: Probably the most beneficial anti-aging product, a broad spectrum sunscreen will help to protect the skins from the sun’s harmful UV radiation that leads to free radical damage. Look for high quality sunscreens containing zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, and antioxidants. Use between an SPF30 and SPF50 on your face. We recommend never to go over an SPF50 on your face.
Antioxidants: Antioxidants fight free radical damage and are vital to prevent facial volume loss. Look for antioxidants in your skin care including L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C), Vitamin E, resveratrol, tea polyphenols, caffeine, glutathione, and silybin.
MMP-inhibiting ingredients (MMPi): MMPi ingredients help to prevent the enzyme that breaks down the skins’s matrix components. MMPi ingredients include aloe-vera, beta-carotene, L-ascorbic acid, retinoids, soy isoflavones and resveratrol.
Peptides: Peptides are chains or amino acids that both stimulate the production of collagen and elastin (which gives our skin its firmness and plumpness), and improve skins firmness and elasticity. Popular peptides include Palmitoyl tripeptide-38, Palmitoyl tripeptide-5, Palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 and Palmitoyl oligopeptide. Peptides are a must have product for those concerned with aging skin!!
Retinoids: Retinoids come in many different forms including Retinoic Acid, Retinol, Retinaldehyde and vitamin A esters. The purest form is Retinoic Acid and you can acquire this by prescription from your dermatologist. Retinoic Acid can be irritating and drying for many clients. Pure retinol is a good alternative, with less side effect. Retinoids help stimulate dermal cell production and are thought to be one of the only topical ingredients to encourage the proliferation of elastin.